Plantation Slaves 19th Century

Despite the relative scarcity of the Buggy name I have increasingly found it in many parts of the world. Along with the US state of Georgia, one of the more surprising places is in the names of slaves in Jamaica and Mauritius. Slaves were usually given names that reflected who owned them or the type of work that they were forced to do.

The entries for Jamaica and Mauritius below are taken from the Slave Registers of the former British Colonial Dependencies 1812-1834.[1] In 1819 the Office for the Registry of Colonial Slaves was established in London. Copies of slave registers had to be sent to the office with registration usually carried out every three years.[2] They continued until 1834 when slavery was abolished in most of the British Empire.

Jamaica

Name                                 Gender     Born                      Owner                                  Nationality Buggy Hamilton               Male          abt 1772               Mary Hamilton                   Not listed Buggy Allen                      Male          abt 1784               John Blyth                           African Buggy                                Male          abt 1787               Not listed                             African Buggy alias Mary Steele Female      abt 1815              John Thompson                  Creole Santibas Buggy                Female      abt 1818              Bernard Martin                   Creole

Mauritius

Mauritius is an island in the Indian Ocean and was originally settled by the Dutch. They abandoned the island in the early 18th century and it was taken over by the French, followed by the British in the early 19th century. Slaves were brought to Mauritius to work the sugar plantations on the island and mostly came from countries on the eastern coast of Africa.[3]

Name                     Gender               Born                      Owner                                              Phaeton Buggy     Male                    abt 1787               William Aiken/Lasauche & Amp Co.

1860 U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedule[4]

Separate slave schedules were carried out during the 1850 and 1860 US Federal Censuses. Seven individuals are listed in this schedule from 1860. All are from the state of Georgia.

Name                              Age     Gender      Born             Occupation                                     Caddy Buggy                 65        Female      abt 1805                                                                      Erwin Buggy                 30        Male           abt 1840     Farm Labourer                                      Lizzie Buggy                  25        Female      abt 1845      Keeping House                                         Ella Buggy                     13         Female      abt 1857      Nurse                                                   Clifford Buggy               10        Male           abt 1860                                                                   Richard Buggy               8          Male          abt 1862                                                                        Allice Buggy                   8mts    Female      abt 1869


[1] Ancestry.com. Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Office of Registry of Colonial Slaves and Slave Compensation Commission: Records; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication T71); Records created and inherited by HM Treasury; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

[2] http://yourarchives.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php?title=Office_for_Registry_of_Colonial_Slaves Accessed 23 August 2010.

[3] http://www.mauritiuspost.mu/museum/fdc/other.php?id=55 Accessed 23 August 2010

[4] Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1,438 rolls.

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